Gender inequalities at the top of the electoral lists vary in different parties, increasing in smaller villages, where men reach three quarters of the list
This midnight is the start of the campaign for the municipal elections to be held on May 26 in all municipalities of Spain. These elections, however, will still be far from real gender equality. Women will only be 30% of the leader candidates running for mayor in the Catalan municipalities.
In Catalonia, up to 3658 candidate lists have been nominated in the 992 constituencies (higher than the 947 municipalities that exist, since municipal elections are also held in some Decentralized Municipal Entities, EMD). In 1,072 cases, the heads of the list will be women.
Gender of top candidates for each electoral list
Both in the legal and party spheres, there are regulations that promote gender equality in political representation. The General Electoral Organic Law states that — provided that the lists exceed five members — none of the genders can represent less than 40%. Many parties also promote the so-called ‘zip lists’ in their nominations, forcing men and women to alternate list places, but this is not always reflected in the list leaders.
However, there are also differences between parties. The Candidatures of Popular Unity (CUP) — with their variants throughout the territory — are the political formation with more women heads of list in Catalonia. Specifically, 47% of the 144 candidate lists are headed by women. They are followed by the movements of the ‘Primaries’ and ‘En Comú / Podem’ and their confluences, which have women leaders in 41% and 40% of the cases respectively, although the first have 41 candidatures and the second ones, 206.
On the other side we find the Popular Party (PP), which has only 22% of its 233 candidate lists headed by women, and VOX, 24% of the 46 candidacies they submit, always according to the analysis developed by this media from the data extracted from the various district election boards.
Gender of top candidates by party
Fewer women leading candidacies in smaller villages
Another difference is the size of the municipality where each candidacy is presented. While in large cities — municipalities larger than 30,000 inhabitants — women occupy almost a third of the starting places, in smaller towns — those municipalities with less than 500 inhabitants — they occupy just over a quarter of the top positions.